Early Child Development and Gender Parity
Another very important factor supporting investment in early childhood care is that it claims to reduce gender inequality in target communities. Evidence suggests that it enhances girl’s preparedness for school more than boys and combats the multiple disadvantages of gender discrimination entwined with poverty. (UNICEF, Strategies for Girls Education, 2005). Gender disparities are found to be least common in pre-primary enrolment, and parents whose daughters are enrolled for pre-primary will be more likely to send them to primary school as well. Health and nutrition initiatives incorporated into EARLY CHILD DEVELOPMENT (ECD) programmes, have give us more impact on girls as well — more so when they are marginalized with respect to diet and staple food division within their homes. The nutrition component of any EARLY CHILD DEVELOPMENT (ECD) programme is said to have effective impacts on school enrolment of both girls and boys because its gives good result in health, if child health is good defiantly its impact on child education , especially those child who belonging to poorer families, but the consequences for girls remain greater. (MDG 2007). In a nutshell, well designed early childhood programmes can challenge gender stereo-types and raise equity awareness both in school and the local community level.
Localizing for ECD
The amplified / better impact on the disadvantaged, whether poor children or girls, is an important argument for allocating constrained resources towards EARLY CHILD DEVELOPMENT (ECD) related programmes. However, targeting programmes like this also brings with it contentions of patronizing the poor families with the idea that they cannot raise their children capably because of resources. The poor families can not afford the child education special in case of girls education. Supportive research for EARLY CHILD DEVELOPMENT (ECD) interventions is criticized for assuming that social science research based in the North can be used as basis for programming and recommendations in the South. According to Helen Penn (2004).
What is taken as ‘scientific evidence related to early child development and Gender Parity?
It is mostly drawn from the results of note and experiments with middle class children in America and Europe, and supposed to be applicable to all children in all situations.” For case, ‘developmentally appropriate practice’ takes for granted that EARLY CHILD DEVELOPMENT (ECD) programming has an underlying basis or need for a materially constructed, play based world of the child. Viruru (2005) insists that ‘so much of early childhood education and care is written in the language of affluence and privilege and is far removed from the realities of so many children.’ In her view, the very notion of stimuli-based learning requiring its own special play equipment, is a denial of an experience for children ‘who grow up with the world rather than protected from it’. Early Childhood Education therefore, has an essential requirement of culturally contextualizing the learning practices, not just by camouflaging practices prescribed by the west, but those that take their root from local cultures and traditions.
Research Point out Early Child Development
Research of Qualitative anthropological research shows that child-care techniques are very differ / vary in different parts of the world. Child rearing practices have been understood and regularized across societies, varying on the basis of historic, geographical, ethnic and economic factors. For instance, children in the developing world are usually not made the focus of attention in their interaction with adults as compared to children in North America or most of western Europe where the child is given central focus. However, their interaction with family members is limited in comparison to children in the south, who are rarely ever left alone. (MDG 2007). Therefore, a very important part of all EARLY CHILD DEVELOPMENT (ECD)programming or rational for promoting these initiatives is that: all childcare that is provided, must relate to existing local systems, and develop its programmes and activities in the light of local norms and practices.
It must be kept in mind while endorsing the need for early childhood care, that EARLY CHILD DEVELOPMENT (ECD)interventions cannot be promoted in a vacuum; they rely on not just initiatives of the multilateral organizations and NGOs but more so, on the existing systems of education, health and on local government and national governments. Marked by gross disparities in systems and between regions, (ECD)provisions rely on a whole spectrum of local and external initiatives. It is understandable that many countries in the South cannot imagine accomplishing the goal of equitable access in the short term. Yet, the failure to even consider the possibility of achieving that goal in the long term is perpetuating inequalities. (Rosemberg,2003).
Some important questions and Answers on Gender Equality
Q1. What is gender index Pakistan?
Ans. As per the recent report published by WEF (World Economic Forum) in this report ‘Global Gender Gap in Pakistan ranked 153rd from out of 156 countries on the gender index. Pakistan ranked seventh among different (eight) countries in South Asia, only better than Afghanistan. This is not good for Pakistan
Q. Which country topped the Global Gender Parity Gap Index?
Ans. In gender parity index Iceland is country that are toped in index as per report or this country gender equal country in the world.
Q. Which country is the worst performing country in the Gender parity index?
Ans. Afghanistan is the worst country in gender parity index as per report mentioned in south Asia.
In the published Report of world economic forum global gender (WEF) gap report 2020
Q. What did mention in the report of the Global Gender Gap Report 2020 State?
Ans. The World economic report of 2020 published. In this report covers 153 countries from around the world. The Global Gender Gap Index (GPI) is an index calculated to measure gender parity (equality). The World economic forum procedure used to determine index scores is considered in such a way as to count situations in which men are disadvantaged relative to women as “equal”.
Q. Why it is gender parity important in any country?
Ans. It is important of Gender parity (equality) that is help to stop the violence against women and girls. Furthermore, or in other words if we see another point of view, gender parity equality is essential for economic richness of any country of the world. In our Societies that value women and men as equal are safer and improved. From the gender parity equity is to give better benefits Everyone from gender parity (equality).