Impact of climate change on human health in Karachi
Karachi is the one of the most populated city in Sindh province, Pakistan with an average of over 17 million people lived. It holds the largest number of citizens from the different side of the country even other countries. As per United Nations has predicted that the area’s population will growth to 23 million people within the next 10 to 15 years. This estimate rises, health issue, environmental issue, and as well as economic issues. Climate change, mostly depend upon the annual weather like monsoons, can increase the occurrence of severe infectious many diseases. Due to Overpopulation, it can also result in food shortage, pollution, worldwide warming, lack of natural resources, and capital uncertainty issues.
Growth Rate of Karachi
In Karachi; the average family income is low with 70% (percentage) of the adult population earning less than US $5.00 per day. There in Karachi, lack of affordable facilities like housing, electricity, clean water. There in Karachi large number of populations, around 50% of Karachi’s total population have moved to informal resident settlements, locally known as KATCHI ABAIDI. When weather change is coupled with a rising population definitely it effect on economic strain, the effects on human health are expected to become severe.
Impact of climate / weather change on health in Karachi Essay
Karachi Weather change
As per report of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change that since the industrial uprising of the mid-19th century, the international surface temperature has bigger by about 1.0 °C and is projected to rise, further over the 21st century by 1.10 °C to 6.40 °C. As Pakistan is a developing country, it is highly subject to the harmful effects of weather change, in specially, increasing temperatures, increased monsoon changeability, the melting of Himalayan glaciers, and an increase in the regularity and severity of extreme weather and natural disasters. Currently, with the rise in Earth’s outward temperature driving climate change, future alarms in local weather events especially in Karachi are expected. The following issues are facing
- Air pollution
- Drinking water or water purity
- Natural disasters and disease
Monsoon rains in Karachi Weather
Impact of climate / weather change on health in Karachi continue.
The monsoon rains have been coming to Karachi from July to September, and for the past 20 years, there has been no significant change in the Karachi Monsoon timeline.
Karachi weather Update today 15 June 2021 Temperature 34 Precipitation: 20% Humidity: 67% Wind: 42 km/h
History Monsoon rains in Karachi
The average annual rainfall in Karachi is 174.6 millimeters as per timeline of (1981–2010); the maximum annual rainfall of 713 millimeters was recorded in 1967. The highest rainfall in Karachi in a single day was noted on last year, 27 August 2020 when rainfall of 223.5 millimeters lashed the economic hub (Karachi Capital of Sindh) of Pakistan.
Health implications effect due climate change in Karachi: Karachi Weather
Unexpected changes in weather conditions cause the growing volume of pollution in the atmosphere that is the main reason many peoples to fall sick. As per Doctors he number of patients suffering from
- Killer headaches
- Asthma attacks
As per expert (Doctor) says that weather variations can trigger the membranes inside your nose to swell, causing indicators like a runny nose, congestion, sneezing and asthma attack.
The Karachi weather updated report is shared
The changing weather it can also reason migraine and fatigue, and it can even put stress on your immune system. The doctor suggested the people could avoid these symptoms by just avoiding coming in contact with the substance you are allergic to and addition, by keeping yourself healthy you can actually suffer, the stress caused by weather changes and would not show any signs of discomfort or sickness, he adds. Therefore, the specialists say, the best advice is to harden your senses by exposing them to the elements.
- Another Common ailments related to the weather and climate adaptation include,
- Heat stroke Karachi weather
- Air pollution-related illnesses
- Infectious diseases
- Mosquito-borne diseases, Karachi Weather
- Water and food borne infections.
- Rainfall or Flooding cases of Viruses in Karachi Karachi weather
Havey Rainfall in Karachi
Furthermore, heavy rainfall and flooding can give rise for numerous mosquito vector species, such as Anopheles mosquitoes with associated spread of malarial disease. The quickly rising population density of Karachi can possibly give rise to an outbreak of many arboviral infections, such as
- Dengue virus,
- Chikungunya virus,
- Zika virus,
- West Nile virus
- Japanese encephalitis
Karachi weather news update today
COVID-19 pandemic in Pakistan
Similarly, the major urban floods in 2020 among the COVID-19 pandemic also put Pakistan on verge of an impending dengue outbreak. Increasing land outward temperatures, irregular rainfall patterns, and increasing mean sea surface temperatures have all been connected with dengue outbreaks in the region. Furthermore, 63% percentage of the inhabitants also tense that unclean drinking water and uncollected hazardous solid waste affected the transmission of these infectious diseases.
Health Issues due to Pollution in Karachi
Another big health issue in Karachi is pollution following types of pollution occres due to some reasons:
- Air pollution implications
- Indoor Pollution
Air pollution Karachi weather
Air pollution main reason due to the solid and liquid elements and certain number gases that are suspended in the air. These particles/ elements and gases can come from motor vehicles, factories, dust, pollen, mold spores, volcanoes and wildfires.
Interior air pollution bases consist of biomass fuels, coal, and kerosene, which are all burned for necessities including
- Lighting homes.
As per the World Health Organization (WHO), the said pollutants are the driving factor for pneumonia and childhood death due to the presence of particulate matter (soot) in the children’s airway in Pakistan. In addition, such air pollutants are also likely to contribute to the occurrence of non-communicable diseases particularly
- Ischemic heart disease
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
- Outdoor pollution
Outdoor pollution sources are mostly from bigger fossil fuel intake, traffic emissions, power plant generation, and industrial emissions.
Karachi Weather: Humidity today
Heat waves implications Effects on Health : Karachi weather
The annual average temperature in Karachi is 25.9 °C / 78.6°F and rainfall is about 194 mm (7.6 inch) per year. An increase of 2.25 °C in mean temperature was noted over the last 59 years .That is an growth of 0.38 °C per decade which is tenfold the global increase in temperature. In addition, Karachi’s moisture / humidity ranges from 58% percentage in December to 85% percentage in August (wettest month). In the summer heat surf that hit Karachi in June 2015, the death toll exceeded more than 1200 in a span of only 10 days, proving that heat waves have dire consequences on the indisposition and death of the Karachi population.
our upcoming article is Impact of climate, weather change on economy in Karachi
Karachi Weather Warnings
Weather Today in Karachi, Pakistan
- High / Low. 91°/84°
- Wind. 14 mph.
- Humidity. 68%
- Pressure. 29.50 in.
- UV Index. 3 of 10.
- Visibility. 3 mi.
- Moon Phase. Waxing Crescent.
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